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Pham, Hong

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Artificial Intelligence


What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

According to Baltzan’s textbook, artificial intelligence “simulates human intelligence such as the ability to reason and learn”.

Artificial intelligence can also be defined as “a branch of science that enables a computer to tackle complex tasks and adapt to new situations. It makes the computer perform tasks that are normally done by humans. In other words, artificial intelligence allows the computer to think like humans”.

 

 

Source of Images:

http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/280674-33626-20.jpg

http://www.boingboing.net/images/_newsoffice__images_article_images_20091204121447-1-1.jpg


The four main categories of artificial intelligence include:

         1. Expert Systems – computerized advisory programs that imitate the reasoning processes of experts in solving 
        difficult problems 
        2. Neural Networks – attempts to emulate the way the human brain works 
        3. Genetic Algorithm – a system that mimics the evolutionary, survival-of-the-fittest process to generate increasingly 
        better solutions to a problem 
        4. Intelligent Agents – a special-purposed knowledge-based information system that accomplishes specific tasks on 
        behalf of its users


The History of AI


        In brief, one of the biggest breakthroughs of artificial intelligence is the invention of computers. Artificial intelligence was developed as “far back as during ancient Greece”. It is believed that the idea derived from something as “small” as the abacus. A more detailed explanation about the history behind the creation and development of AI can be found in the following website:

http://cseserv.engr.scu.edu/StudentWebPages/TPhan/tphan_ResearchPaper.htm


Applications of AI

The following is a list of the applications of AI:

- Pattern Recognition: 
        - Optical Character Recognition
        - Handwriting Recognition 
        - Speech Recognition 
        - Face Recognition 
-Artificial Creativity 
- Computer Vision, Virtual Reality and Image Processing 
- Diagnosis 
- Game Theory and Strategic Planning 
- Natural Language Processing, Translation, and Chatterbot 
- Nonlinear Control and Robotics: 
        - Behavior-based robotics 
        - Cognitive 
        - Cybernetics 
        - Developmental robotics 
        - Epigenetic robotics 
        - Evolutionary robotics 
- Intelligent Agent 
- Automated Reasoning 
-Artificial Life 
- Data Mining 
- Automation 
- Knowledge Representation


Source of Applications of AI:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applications_of_artificial_intelligence


An example of an advanced robot that can process human cognitive abilities through artificial intelligence can be viewed in the following YouTube video:

ASIMO Robot -Artificial Intellience



Advantages and Disadvantages of AI

“Advantages:

            - Machines can be used to take on complex and stressful work that would be otherwise performed by humans 
            - Machines can complete the task faster than a human assigned to do the same task 
            - Use of robotics to discover unexplored landscape, outer space and also be useful in our home activities 
            - Less danger, injury and stress to humans as the work is done by a artificially intelligent machine 
            - Aiding of mental, visually and hearing impaired individuals 
            - Used for games to create a atmosphere where you don't feel like you are playing against just a machine 
            - Understanding complex software can be made in to easy-to-understand types with the aid of artificial intelligence 
            - Less errors and defects 
            - Minimized time and resources. Time and resources are not wasted but effectively used to achieve the end goal 
            - Their function is infinite 

Disadvantages:

- Lacks the human touch. Human qualities are sometimes ignored 
- The ability to replace a human job. This gives rise to humans feeling insecure and may have the fear of losing their job 
- Human capabilities can be replaced using a machine and therefore can foster feelings of inferiority among workers and staff 
- Artificial Intelligence can malfunction and do the opposite of what they are programmed to do 
- May corrupt the younger generation 
- There is no filtering of information 
- This type of technology can be misused to cause mass scale destruction”

Source of Advantages and Disadvatages of AI:

http://www.bizymoms.com/computers-and-technology/artificial-intelligence.html


The Future of AI

Check out this video on what some professionals think about the future of AI:

Q2C: Imagine the Future - Artificial Intelligence




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